Oxygen is essential for life. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, or HBOT, is a kind of remedy that offers 100% oxygen to our bodies at high pressures. Read on to learn about the approved and off-label uses of HBOT so when it might be dangerous.
What is Oxygen Therapy?
Oxygen is the use of supplemental oxygen to take care of many different medical conditions. There are two main types of oxygen therapies available:
As excessive oxygen can be harmful, normobaric oxygen should be carefully supervised by a health care provider. Within the absence of correct medical supervision, normobaric oxygen can also cause cardiovascular disease, inflammation, diabetes, and aging.
Hyperbaric oxygen is 100% saturated supplemental oxygen delivered at higher atmospheric pressures. Patients are put in a higher pressure, full body chamber (hyperbaric chamber). This increases oxygen delivery to all or any of the tissues of your body.
Treatment schedules of hyperbaric oxygen vary between 60 to 120 minutes, 1 or even more times daily.
Hyperbaric oxygen is approved for the treatment of lots of conditions such as air or gas embolisms, burns, diabetic wounds, and traumatic ischemia.
Blood is made up of 4 components: Plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Oxygen is transported through red blood cells that contain the protein hemoglobin. Hemoglobin can be an iron-containing protein that oxygen can bind to.
The only dissimilarities between normobaric and hyperbaric oxygen will be the pressure that they’re applied at and the strategy of delivery. Both varieties of remedy improve the amount of oxygen that is delivered in the blood.
With hyperbaric oxygen therapy, there’s a 10 to 20 fold increase in blood plasma oxygen. In addition, it induces a rise in red blood cells.
In clinical and animal studies, hyperbaric oxygen promoted:
Reduction of swelling
New blood vessel formation
Hyperbaric oxygen causes the manipulated release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in damaged and infected tissues.
The increased healing action of hyperbaric oxygen is because of its direct antifungal activity mediated by reversal of fungal growth and restoration of an protective immune response.
Hyperbaric oxygen is a potentially lifesaving medical procedure which should only be conducted by a medical expert. If you suspect that you have any of the following conditions, seek medical assistance immediately.
Approved Uses of hyperbaric oxygen treatment vancouver wa
1) Decompression Illness
Scuba diving with a compressed air supply can cause decompression sickness and arterial gas embolism, a potentially lethal event.
Decompression sickness is caused by the formation of nitrogen bubbles in the blood and tissues of scuba divers who surface prematurely.
Arterial gas embolisms happen after decompression sickness. The gas bubbles in the bloodstream and tissues travel within the blood and block the way to obtain blood to the lungs (pulmonary vein).
According to the US Navy 6 treatment manual, hyperbaric oxygen is the most well-liked way to deal with decompression sickness.
Hyperbaric oxygen is most successful in treating decompression illness within a day of surfacing.
In a clinical case report, an individual session of emergency hyperbaric oxygen removed the gas and air bubbles in the patient’s arteries, hip, lower spine, brain sinuses, and joints.
Hyperbaric oxygen also protected rats from spinal-cord injury during simulated diving.
In rabbits, hyperbaric oxygen reduced lung injury caused by decompression sickness.
2) Air Embolism
Air embolism is caused by the introduction of air bubbles into the bloodstream which blocks arteries.
Air embolism is a rare but potentially fatal complication of surgical procedure and causes serious damage to the mind, heart, and lungs.
Clinical symptoms of an air embolism rely upon the positioning of mid-air bubble or bubbles in the body. Early treatment is crucial for survival.
A clinical case study of an individual being affected by an air embolism after open heart surgery showed complete recovery after 7 sessions of hyperbaric oxygen.
A clinical case study of an immunocompromised patient with air embolism showed that emergency hyperbaric oxygen cured brain (ischemic) stroke symptoms caused by an invasive fungal infection .
3) Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Carbon monoxide can displace oxygen in the blood. This reduces the amount of oxygen supplied to tissues.
In a population-based study of 7,287 patients experiencing carbon monoxide poisoning, hyperbaric oxygen reduced the death count and improved patient lifespan. Therapy was far better in younger patients (<20) and patients with acute lung failure.
In rats with acute carbon monoxide poisoning, hyperbaric oxygen reduced brain damage and behavior abnormalities.
Adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen also protected rats from oxygen toxicity caused by cyanide poisoning.
4) Skin Ulcers
In 35 patients with treatment-resistant skin ulcers (vasculitis), a 4-week span of hyperbaric oxygen improved recovery in 80% of the patients.
Similarly, in a patient suffering from treatment-resistant skin ulcers, four weeks of hyperbaric oxygen promoted complete recovery.
In a clinical study, 146 patients treated with supplementary hyperbaric oxygen were found to recuperate from chronic diabetic foot ulcers.
In 2 patients with chronic kidney disease, 20 sessions of hyperbaric oxygen (in addition to standard therapies) completely cured ulcers
A meta-analysis of 9 studies (RCTs) comprising 526 patients figured hyperbaric oxygen is an advantageous for foot ulcers.
In a diabetic rat model, hyperbaric oxygen for 6 weeks reduced inflammation, increased blood circulation, and improved wound healing.
When applied early, hyperbaric oxygen has an optimistic influence on severe anemia. It benefits patients who cannot accept blood transfusion for religious reasons, immunologic reasons, or blood availability problems.
In a patient suffering from hemorrhage, 10 sessions of hyperbaric oxygen were found to alleviate symptoms.
6) Brain Abscess
In 40 patients with spontaneous brain abscess (RCT), hyperbaric oxygen administered in addition to antibiotics led to the whole recovery for many patients.
In 5 children with brain abscesses, hyperbaric oxygen helped promote healing and survival.
Hyperbaric oxygen is associated with fewer treatment failures, a reduction in the need for reoperation, and an increased long-term outcome of patients with spontaneous brain abscess.
Tissue Graft Acceptance
A tissue graft is a medical procedure where damaged tissue is replaced using donated healthy tissue. Failure of tissue grafts led to tissue loss, additional surgery, increased treatment costs, and unfavorable psychosocial patient effects.
Multiple animals (rats, rabbits, and guinea pigs) and human case studies show the success of hyperbaric oxygen in rescuing skin grafts by increasing oxygen supply to the tissues, increasing fibroblast function and initiating the growth of new arteries.
In mice, the addition of hyperbaric oxygen inhibited the immune response and increased the probability of graft acceptance during transplantation.